This is another camouflage mechanism to trick predators.

Aberration cinerea has a bluish gloss on the dark upperside; the hindwing is strongly dentate, tinged with pink on the underside, and bears two eye-dots In hot summers one not seldom meets with specimens in which the reddish yellow colour has increased, this colour being represented by a yellowish red dusting on the apical area in the male and in the female by a yellowish red area in the disc of the hindwing. Our two Parnassius species are the only California representatives of this relatively small group. The meadow brown is univoltine (one generation per year) and adults emerge over a long period (spring, summer and autumn).

On the other hand, the evolutionary significance of the upperwing eyespots is more obvious: The more active males have a markedly more cryptic upperside pattern, whereas the females have more opportunity to present their eyespots in a sudden display of colors and patterns that presumably startle predators so the butterfly has a better chance of escaping.

Less specific records of Poa, Bromus, Festuca, Milium, Brachypodium, Lolium, Avena, Alopecurus and Anthoxanthum. In several forms throughout Europe Apart from the forms characterized by the disappearance of ocelli or the appearance of accessory there are firstly the albinos which have received in which the blackish ground-colour is replaced by dirty white, while the reddish yellow halfband has remained as such. The clubs on the tips of the antennae are usually hooked.

Bicyclus anynana (squinting bush brown) is a small brown butterfly in the family Nymphalidae, the most globally diverse family of butterflies. Adults feed on nectar from a wide spectrum of plants including Centaurea, Cirsium, Leontodon, Erica, Rubus, Heracleum, Eupatorium, The live male has in its apical area a magnificent golden gloss on a deep black ground, in the female the ground-colour above is reduced by the extension of the reddish yellow.

There is marked sexual dimorphism in this species.

[Subspecies] hispulla Hbn. The Blue Morpho butterfly (Morpho menelaus) is a species of neotropical butterfly that has iridescent blue wings (the females are not as brilliantly colored as the males and have a brown edge with white spots surrounding the iridescent blue area). Both the upper and lower wings are bright white, with some small light brown markings.

The folded-wing skippers have a characteristic posture when they land: the forewings are held at a 45o angle to the rest of the body while the hindwing is held open and flat. Log in, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). More similar are the dusky meadow brown (Hyponephele lycaon smaller, male androconial area obliquely directed and divided into three parts by veins Cu1 and Cu2, female with two ochreous ringed eye-spots) is otherwise very similar, Pyronia janiroides, Hyponephele moroccana, Hyponephele lycaon and Hyponephele lupina. The parnassians (subfamily Parnassiinae), also sometimes called Apollos, lack tails and are ghostly transluscent white or yellow-white with black and red spots: not your typical swallowtail. Maniola jurtina female on buttercup flower.

There is a row of small eye-looking spots on the underside of the of hindwings.

Some individuals have a short larval development time and produce late adults. Because of the vast distribution habitats are hard to define but broadly are forest edge, forest-steppe and meadow steppe habitats up to 2,000 m above sea level, cultivated lands (meadow, forest plantations, parks and orchards).

(47b) from Southern Europe, has these characteristics in a still more pronounced degree, and is, besides, generally broader-winged than the nymotypical jurtina — fortunata Alph. Butterfly Listing by Latin Name. The dorsal wings are just as spectacular. A variable number of smaller eyespots are usually found on the hindwing undersides. Information Center for the Environment (ICE) → University of California, Davis, Monitoring butterfly populations across Central California for more than 35 years…, Information Center for the Environment (ICE). All members of this group feed on grasses or grassy-like plants (like sedges and rushes) as caterpillars, and as a result, they are often called the grass skippers. Brown butterflies also have to do with simplicity. Learn how and when to remove this template message,, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2017, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Andrea Grill, Rob de Vos, Jan van Arkel, 2004 The shape of endemics: Notes on male and female genitalia in the genus Maniola (Schrank, 1801), (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae), This page was last edited on 27 May 2020, at 16:56.

Identification is often difficult. Small heath (for comparison)[clarification needed]. The egg, laid on a blade of grass as shown (Plate 85), is upright and ribbed; the top is flattened, with an impressed ring thereon.

California genera include Pyrgus, Heliopetes, Erynnis, Thorybes, Epargyreus, and Pholisora. The spread-winged skippers are generally dark brown and hold both sets of their wings open when landed. Some specimens are bi-pupilled. The larvae feed on grasses. When the butterfly rests and folds its wings up, you will notice that the wings are light brown with irregular white markings.

They are largely orange and tawny, and many have whitish chevrons on the ventral hindwing, although some genera are dark brown.