In Spanish, the infinitive is often used in the following ways: in set phrases, particularly after adjectives or nouns, after another verb, sometimes as the object of it, Note that, when it comes after another verb, the Spanish infinitive often corresponds to the, in instructions that are aimed at the general public – for example in cookery books or on signs, as a noun, where in English we would use the, Note that, when the infinitive is the subject of another verb, it may have the article. 2. However, in this case we also have to change the introductory section of the relative clause. There are three ways that verbs can be linked together when the second verb is an infinitive: Note that you have to learn the preposition required for each verb. For example, just like in English, tener que + infinitive means "to have to," the phrase tengo que trabajar means "I have to work." I’ll train with you on the condition that we practice daily. In the following lists we’ve gathered the most important words and phrases that require the infinitive. Arrastre la respuesta correcta a la casilla, Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content, Be especially careful when translating the English, Verbs followed by the infinitive with no preposition, Verbs followed by the preposition a and the infinitive, Verbs followed by the preposition de and the infinitive, Verbs followed by the preposition con and the infinitive, Verbs followed by the preposition en and the infinitive, The definite article: el, la, los and las, The indefinite article: un, una, unos and unas, Comparatives and superlatives of adjectives. It’s not easy to play like that, but it’s unbelievable. Learn when to use the infinitive with Lingolia’s list of words and expressions that take an infinitive. We have to train hard in order to be the best. In Spanish grammar, the infinitive can function as a verb or a noun. They can also function as the subject or object of a verb, when the infinitive corresponds to the. I will speak with the teacher before the training begins. She wants to study languages at university. I feel like (go) to a movie. Sometimes it can be a group of words. It isn't wrong (defend) yourself, is it? See the full venir conjugation. He trained so long that he had no more free time. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/infinitively, Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as, A verb form that functions as a substantive while retaining certain verbal characteristics, such as modification by adverbs, and that in English may be preceded by, (Grammar) a form of the verb not inflected for grammatical categories such as tense and person and used without an overt subject. Many Spanish verbs can be followed by another verb in the infinitive. In English, the infinitive is usually thought of as being made up of two words, for example. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. I was getting bored with not being able to leave the house. Eres el primero en llegar a la clase. She doesn’t want to have any more children. Many verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem … I have to eat the vegetables. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. The two verbs may be linked by nothing at all, or by. The construction in Spanish does not always match the English. In English, the infinitive is usually thought of as being made up of two words, for example, to speak. "Tener que" is a phrase used to indicate that there is something that has to be done. The following prepositions and prepositional phrases + infinitive can be used to help shorten dependent clauses when the subject in the main clause and the dependent clause is the same. 3. Certain relative clauses can be shortened by using a temporal preposition + infinitive.