Ltd. All rights reserved. Basically, an argument is any word or phrase which comes after the subject and verb in a sentence. bring. To make this clearer, let’s look at some examples: In the above examples, the following words are the transitive verbs, improve, fancy, love, and accommodate. The above sentence has two objects- ‘her’ and ‘a car’. [intransitive] She left London on June 6. Underneath its obscure-sounding vocabulary and poorly-taught structure, then, grammar is there to help you understand exactly what people are saying and why. For example, “I ate the cheeseburger” is in the active voice because the subject, “I” is in the subject position while the object, “the cheeseburger,” follows the verb. For example: The newspaper was read by my friend. Instead, to see if the verb is transitive, you need to examine it in its current clause or sentence and see whether it takes a direct object. Pssssst…enter your details to find out the price. Do not buy hamburgers at that restaurant. For example: The choir sang carols. Let’s take a moment to examine direct and indirect objects a bit more clearly. Put simply, there’s only one: A transitive verb must have a direct object. If you see a sentence which says “I am running” and one which says “I ran,” you immediately know when each of those happened. Complex Transitive Verbs Exercises/Worksheet/Activities with Answers: For the sentences given, choose the true statement from the choices provided. 7) In the sentence- ‘The rain is falling’, 8) In the sentence-‘She swam in the river.’, 9) In the sentence-‘Complete your homework.’, 10) In the sentence ‘He behaves politely’, 13) In the sentence- ‘Rocky unlocked the door for him.’, 14) “He blew up the project because of a silly mistake”, 15) In the sentence-‘He gave the book to his friend’, Answers- 1)b, 2)a, 3)b,c, 4)a,b, 5)c, 6)b, 7)a, 8)b, 9)a,c, 10)c, 11)a,b, 12)a, 13)a,c, 14)a, 15)a,b,c. Here are a few questions you can ask to determine the transitivity of a verb in a given sentence. This sentence is tricky because it has two clauses, and thus two verbs. As has already been noted several times, what makes a verb a transitive verb is the presence of a direct object. In the sentence “I kicked the ball,” the object is “the ball,” because that is what is being affected by the verb “kicked.”. Carried the baby! In the first sentence, ‘walks’ has a direct object, ‘his dog’ and therefore it is a transitive verb. A great example of this is the rule for the past tense. However, because this is very confusing, it’s best to check with your teacher if you are doing an assignment that asks you to determine the transitivity of a verb in a passive voice sentence. Even if the subject, “me,” is moved to the predicate instead of dropped completely, it can’t act as a direct object because “me” is not what is being kicked. Without a Direct Object the Transitive Verb becomes obsolete; having an incomplete or no meaning at all. What is the verb directly impacting?”, “The scientist shot the canister into the sun while laughing madly.”. If your action word has no object at all, or only impacts something indirectly, it is intransitive. For Ex-, In the sentence ‘bought’ is a Transitive Verb which refers to the object ‘a car’. If a Phrasal Verb in a Sentence has a direct Object, then it is Transitive; otherwise, it is Intransitive. You have to unload (Transitive Verb) the vehicle (Direct Object). What is the Direct Object in the above sentence-? However, in our original sentence, “Sam and I high-fived.” Because Sam is part of the subject, he can’t be the direct object. The following are just some examples of transitive verbs. I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. Therefore it is a Transitive Verb. Although transitive verbs will always require a direct object, an indirect object is optional and may not always be included. To properly understand when an object is a direct object, let’s take a look at direct and indirect objects. Both verbs are transitive. Note that, direct objects can also be in form of noun phrases rather than single words. This fact about verbs means there is no way to memorize a list of “transitive verbs,” because such a list does not exist and would be incomplete at best if it did. (Transitive Verb: owes, Direct Object: money, Preposition: to, Indirect Object: him), She sold the car to him. In which case ‘her’ becomes the Indirect Object of the above sentence. Now go through another sentence-. Check your Answers with the answers provided in the end of the exercise. As noted, the only way to identify transitive verbs is to look for a direct object. The only way to be sure is to find that direct object. That’s a bit confusing, but hopefully it makes sense if you think that the ball is not directly affecting yellow in any way. Check your answer with the answers provided in the end of the exercise. This means that an intransitive word is not used together with a direct object. Lexical Verb. (Cricket commentator Harsha Bhogle) Peter walks his cat in the evening. All the time she trying to explore her characteristics as a writer and pour her ideas on paper. This means it’s impossible to use a transitive verb without a direct object. (Transitive Verb: bought, Direct Object: a toy car, Preposition: for, Indirect Object: him), She is bringing up the children very well. The good news for transitive verbs is that you don’t really need to pay attention to the indirect object a verb may have. 3) If there is no Direct Object then the Verb becomes Intransitive (which we will discuss in next Chapter). Indeed, there is no direct object in the clause “Sam and I high-fived,” making the verb an intransitive one in our original example. We already have a lengthy guide to identifying intransitive verbs. It is a direct object because it is directly affected by the verb. One way to identify indirect objects is by looking for prepositions like “to,” “on” or “by.”. To eat is a transitive verb since you can attach a direct object to it. The grammar is counter-intuitive and confusing even to professional English teachers, but transitive verbs actually become intransitive if an active voice sentence is re-written in passive voice. He painted (Transitive Verb) the building (Direct Object) black. (Need a refresher on what that means? All the above verbs in the sentences are Transitive because they are followed by an object which receives the action. To phrase that another way, a transitive verb is an action word which directly affects a person, place or thing. Don’t get mixed up by other possible sentences! Again, intransitive verbs can take indirect objects, meaning they can be either complete or incomplete predicates. As we’ve already briefly discussed, a direct object is one which is directly acted upon by the verb in a sentence. Note that the object of the verb now appears in the subject position. This is an important reminder that the only thing that makes a verb transitive is if it acts upon a direct object in the context you are considering. This automatically categorizes arrive in this case as an intransitive verb since there is no direct verb attached to it. Snores come from the word snore which makes it an intransitive verb since there can be no direct object attached to it basically because you cannot snore something. of service and privacy policy. 1) In the sentence ‘The train has arrived’; 2) In the statement- ‘I will solve this equation’. The passive equivalent of the previous sentence is “The cheeseburger was eaten by me.”. This means that “the baby” is the direct object who receives the action (carried).