These medium- to large-sized plums have a round shape. Smooth and sweet, you will surely encounter the shiro at famers markets in late July. Plum Tree Cultivars Damson plums - The damason, damson plum or "damascene" ( Prunus domestica ssp. Owen T plums flaunt attractive bluish-black skin with sweet yellowish flesh. Dark red to purple mottled skin covers sweet juicy red flesh that has a firm texture. In order to grow Mirabelle plums at your home garden, you will first have to find an authentic and reliable supplier that can provide you with good-quality plum saplings. Starking Delicious – This new variety is gaining acclaim for its great taste and ease of growing. They generally spoil faster than European plums after harvest. Plucots are an early plum-apricot hybrid while pluot consists of plum traits more than an apricot’s. Plums are a remarkably diverse group, comprising several different species and sub-groups which are often difficult to distinguish one from the other. Though very winter hardy, American bush plums will produce well as far south as Florida. Gages prefer slightly warmer growing conditions than other European plums to bring out their full flavour, and their natural home is France where have been cultivated since the Middle Ages having been introduced from Italy. Terms of Service apply. There are few other varieties that rival the redheart’s sweet aromatic goodness. Plum Tree – President Variety. This is the plum that you are most likely to find year-round in supermarkets, with large-scale production in California (where almost all of the USA's production is centred) as well as China, Chile, and the warmer areas of Europe. It is semi-freestone and can be found starting the first week of September. However, in actuality, the cultivation of plums began in East European and Caucasian mountains near the Caspian Sea. Japanese plums almost always require the presence of another Japanese, Japanese/ American hybrid, or American plum variety nearby in order to set fruit. Perhaps surprisingly given their origins in the Middle East, Damsons are very well adapted to maritime climates and in the UK the centre of commercial damson production is the Lyth valley in Cumbria, north-west England, notable for its wet climate. This is one of the rarest forms of plum that you won’t find in many countries except for France. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. These dark oval plums are medium to large size and are another popular variety for eating fresh. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. ‘Owen T’ plums are usually ready for eating in mid-season. There are several cultivars in the damson subspecies Prunus domestica insititia. However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. Yellow gages are usually larger and look more like plums. It is said to have a superior ripe flavor to the more common varieties in its ripening season. It is a great choice for baking. Harvest Seasons. They are also one of the first trees to flower in spring. It is best to consume yellow plums when freshly harvested. Burbank – The Burbank is a well-known old variety. Cherry plums are closely related to the European plum (more so than to the true cherry). With a crisp and firm texture, these fruits are juicy and provide maximum quality of plumpness to the consumer. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties. Plums are my favorite fruits to eat, so it’s lucky that they’re one of the easier fruit trees to grow. Gage trees and flowering times are similar to the mainstream European plums. The skin of these sweet plums is dark violet, and the waxy coating gives them a smoky appearance. As the fruit ripens on the plum tree, its sweetness intensifies. It’s great for cooking, canning and fresh eating. Gage trees and flowering times are similar to the mainstream European plums. The Empress is a very nice late-season choice. As its name suggests, the elephant heart plum is a large, heart-shaped stone fruit. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. The reason is that Saint Juliens produce naturally smaller trees than other plum varieties, a desirable characteristic for commercial orchards and gardens, yet are widely-compatible with them. This fruit is harvested with a green shadow, but ripens to a vibrant purple with a deep red flesh at market. Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 1972 - 2020 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by mmolyson and is called "Spring is on the Way". To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. The round plums have a bluish appearance due to the waxy coating that covers most types of prunes. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. On the other hand, John W plums which are named after their fruit breeder – John H. Weinberger – distinguish themselves with purple skin and orange flesh. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. Depending on the greengage plum cultivar, the green skin can have hints of red blushing or yellow on it. Combining the virtues of both breeds, the fruits are as tasty as the Japanese plums and as hardy as our native plum species. They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. You can use this plum in cooking as its firm flesh and sweet-sour taste adds flavor and texture to many dishes. The dark-red skin covers golden-yellow flesh that has a pleasantly sweet flavor. Elephant Heart plum. These hybrids are often able to survive on the northern plains because of the unbroken, persistent cold, although they may not fare as well in other northern regions where warm spells frequently interrupt winter conditions. Plum trees are one of the easiest varieties of fruit tree to grow in the home garden. Some varieties such as 'President' require cross-pollination. The intensely sweet, juicy flesh also makes this a perfect plum for snacking on. They are low care, require less pruning than most fruit trees and come in types that will fruit from early in the season to very late. Whilst European plums do not store particularly well, the fruit usually ripens over a 1-2 week period, during which time the tree can be picked daily to ensure a steady supply of fruit. The flesh is green and the skin is purple, covered with waxy bloom so it appears blue. This attractive, good-tasting plum ripens in mid to second part of September. The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. Also known as lemon plums, yellow plums are relatively smaller and rounder variety of plums that possess both yellow skin and flesh. They are also grown in the USA where they are mostly used for canning and preserving. Methley – One of the first out of the orchard in mid-July, this is well known variety that has been present on the market stands for a long time. Simka – The fruit of the simka is large, uniform, with a very shallow suture. N.Y. 9 – This plum ripens in the first week of September. Mirabelles are grown particularly in north-east France. They are prized for their sweet taste, golden yellow flesh, and lack of tartness. Owing to these nutrients and more, plums help improve the heart’s health, circulation of blood, lower the cholesterol level, remove the appearance of skin scars and thus improve one’s complexion. The ‘Black amber’ variety of plum gets its name from the black, slightly tart skin and juicy amber-colored flesh. Some groups of people believe that plums were carried to Rome around 200 B.C. Dewitt, MI 48820-8680, Phone : 517.669.4250 Combining the hardiness of the native American trees with the flavor and size of the Japanese plums, American hybrids will often survive even under the harsh winter conditions of the northern plains and Canada. Use these convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. Early Italian – The Early Italian is an old, well-known variety of blue plum that is also called “Early Fellenberg”.