Mind the structure with the infinitive: Gerund: Verb + -ing; Infinitive: Verb + Person (as object) + infinitive with to Using a gerund suggests that you are referring to real activities or experiences. 10. I deny having stolen anything before. Do you intend learn/to learn/learning Italian or English? “I am interested in collecting stamps.” 2. after …. Example: I can’t help laugh/to laugh/laughing when I watch Mr Been. Liza hates study/to study/studying Maths. I don’t mind… These verbs can be followed by a Gerund and an Infinitive without changing their meaning: Verb Examples; begin: He began talk ing. Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive.A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun.An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Verb + to-infinitive. “After playing football I drank an orange juice”. Dread 'Dread' is usually followed by a gerund: The lawyer defended her making such statements. Although the difference in meaning is small with these particular verbs, and gerunds and infinitives can often be used interchangeably, there is still a meaning difference. I decided to visit my uncle. I can’t help… Example: there’s no point in … 5. 1- After verbs that express likes/dislikes : Verbs that can be followed by both an infinitive and a gerund: الانجليزية السنة الثانية بكالوريا English 2BAC, Unit 1 : Formal, Informal and Non Formal Education, Communication : Making and responding to requests. remember…, Example: Verbs Followed by a Gerund They enjoyed working on the boat. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. 9. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do). Alan asked talk/to talk/talking to the boss. There are seven verbs … Visiting my uncle was an action of my decision. When 'begin' is used in non-continuous tenses, you can use a gerund or an infinitive: She began singing. 2. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. Other verbs, however, can be followed by both. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Verbs that take a gerund or an infinitive with different meanings: Begin. instead of … Furthermore, use of infinitive or gerund after a certain verb may totally change the meaning of a sentence. Here are some examples: Using an infinitive suggests that you are talking about potential or possible activities or experiences. Here are some examples: start begin stop remember… Example: “I started learning english when I was young.” “I started to learn english when I was at the primary school.” EXERCISE. start CHOOSE THE RIGHT FORM OF THE VERB He began to talk. I am keen on work/to work/working in the computer industry. Often we use the gerund for an action that happens before or at the same time as the action of the main verb, 1. it’s no good … “I started learning english when I was young.” This is the trickiest rule, and likely the one that will require the most explaining as well as the most practice. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. 2. Instead, we will explore a small group of verbs that can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Many of these verbs are listed below. before … Using a gerund suggests that you are referring to real activities or experiences. Do you mind help/to help/helping me wash the dishes? 8. Some verbs can be followed only by a ‘to’-infinitive: Some verbs with this pattern: verbs of thinking and feeling: decide, expect, hope, learn, seem, want, plan, intend, plan; verbs of saying: agree, promise, refuse But their meaning changes depending on which form is used. These verbs can also be followed by a Gerund or an Infinitive without changing their meaning. Amy decided see/to see/ seeing a doctor. Gerund and the Infinitive after the verb – no difference in meaning. hate: 202 Most Common Irregular Verbs + Gerund Split Infinitive Rules What’s the difference between Present Participle and Gerund? I enjoy playing. I enjoy myself at the time of playing. Because of this small difference in meaning, gerunds and infinitives cannot always be used interchangeably, such as in the examples below. I want to go out. Verbs that can be followed by both an infinitive and a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive. admit advise appreciate avoid can't help complete consider: delay deny detest dislike enjoy escape excuse: finish forbid get through have imagine mind miss: permit postpone practice quit recall report resent: resist resume risk spend (time) suggest tolerate waste (time) I denied stealing. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. 1. Choose the correct answer. 4. These rules are helpful but DO NOT always explain all uses of gerunds and infinitives. The government ceased to provide free health care. The first method for remembering is to make a list of examples of each verb. I can’t stand/bear…, Some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive. Because of this small difference in meaning, gerunds and infinitives cannot always be used interchangeably, such as in the examples below. 3. 1. Are you interested in live/to live/living in Africa ? 1. Leila enjoys read/to read/reading love stories. Nancy can't stand to work the late shift. good at … [wpdevart_facebook_comment curent_url="" order_type="social" title_text="" title_text_color="#000000" title_text_font_size="22" title_text_font_famely="monospace" title_text_position="left" width="100%" bg_color="#d4d4d4" animation_effect="random" count_of_comments="3" ]. Often we use the infinitive for actions that follow the action of the main verb, 1. 2. Gerunds and Infinitives. I find that lots of examples are helpful, and encourage the students to create their own examples as well. stop (I don’t switch them off, because I forget to do it.) verbs followed by both gerund and infinitive. There are even some verbs that can take both a gerund and infinitive. “I started to learn english when I was at the primary school.”. No, but there are a two methods to remember which is which. 6. I never remember to switch off the lights before I leave home. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here) Here's my video on the subject: We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving She began to sing. The government ceased providing free health care. They continue to smoke. 7. begin It comes after. Briefly explain that in English, often verbs are followed by another action. FOLLOWED BY BOTH INFINITIVE (to…) AND GERUND (-ing) WITH DIFFERENCE IN MEANING . What I want (now) is to go out (after/later). So, is there a rule to tell us which verbs are followed by which a gerund and which are followed by an infinitive? Rule #4: Some verbs can be followed by both gerunds and infinitives but the meaning changes. REMEMBER. Nancy can't stand working the late shift. continue: They continue smok ing. Using an infinitive suggests that you are talking about potential or possible activities or experiences. In these cases, we have to choose to use either an infinitive or a gerund. Give them the example of “I want to go” vs. “I enjoy going” On the white/chalkboard, write “Verb + infinitive” on the left side, and “Verb + Gerund… 2. ” I like playing soccer but I hate boxing.”, interested in … When 'begin' is used in continuous tenses, an infinitive is used: She is beginning to sing. If Sara keeps come/to come/coming to work late, she’ll have problems with the boss. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. it’s no use …